What are Cryo Hops and Lupulin Powder?
Cryo hops are Yakima Chief Hops concentrated hop version, this would be similar to Lupulin powder, or T-45 hops, (regular hops are called commonly referred as T-90 hops and the name of the concentrated hop varies from producer to producer) These concentrated forms of hops typically separate the vegetal matter from the hop and you are left with the raw potent resin of the hop.
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Why did hop growers create concentrated hops?
These concentrated forms of hops were created to help breweries with the amount of loss they were getting when making IPA's or other heavily hopped beers. To put it into perspective, breweries typically hop IPA's with 3 lbs or more of hops per barrel of beer. If a large brewery lets say 30 BBL is brewing an IPA, and they are double or triple batching into a 60 to 90 BBL fermenter, they are dry hopping that beer with roughly 120 - 200 lbs of hops. 1 lb of hops will absorb probably 1 gallon of beer, so that brewery is loosing upwards of 200 gallons of beer, or roughly $2000.00 worth of beer. That number adds up over the course of a year, that could be $100,000 in lost beer.
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How do you use Cryo hops or Lupulin powder?
The rule of thumb for these concentrated hops is a 2 to 1 ratio, if you use 2 oz of regular hops, then you will want to use 1 oz of cryo hops or lupulin powder. My recommendation is that you only want to use these in the dry hop. I would not personally use them anywhere near the boil as they are insanely high in Alpha %, some of them pushing over 25% Alpha acids. If you do use them in the brew kettle, then whirlpool them below 170 degrees so the hops do not bitter.
When using these in the dry hop, i would combine them with regular hops as well. There are only a few hop varieties that are made into lupulin powder or cryo hops, typically your new age hops. There have been a lot of reports talking about how a purely cryo hop dry hopped beer can be too much. You'll get a lot of hop burn, the beer will be insanely bright a little too over the top. Mixing the cryo hops or lupulin powder with regular hops in the dry hop will elevate the beer, brighten it up, clean it up, and give it tremendous flavor and aroma.
Where to get Cryo hops?
if you are ever looking to play around with cryo hops, you can pick them up at our homebrew supply store. You will not be disappointing after you play around and experiment with some amazing new hops.
Just a reminder, we are the premier homebrew shop in Vermont and the better part of New England, so take some time and check out our store! We have everything you need to brew the best beer possible. Thanks!